Portugal, Fall 2012

Lisbon

Photos by Walt & Gloria Fogler-Mancini

 

Lisbon’s history goes back to the 9th century BC when the Greeks and Phoenicians traded with the Lusitanian tribes. Carthaginians, Romans, Swabians, Visigoths and Moors ruled in succession until the Portuguese conquered in 1147. The capital was transferred to Lisbon in 1260.

The Castelo de São Jorge is on one of Lisbon’s hills overlooking the Tagus River.  It was originally built by the Visigoths in the 5th century and modified many times. 

The Tagus River historically has been a fundamental part of Lisbon.  The 15th century voyages of discovery often started there and a 170 foot monument to honor them was built in 1960.  In 1755, an earthquake caused a 30 meter tsunami to rush up the river.  Together, they destroyed downtown Lisbon.

The rebuilt central part of the city now has parks and open space that begins right at the river.

King Dom Manuel undertook the building of Mosteiro dos Jerónimos and Igreja de Santa Maria in 1502.  Portugal was enjoying the wealth and power that came with its explorations.  The style has many maritime elements and is called Manueline. 

Downtown Lisbon is relaxed and open with many parkways, plazas, and monuments. The older parts of the city like the Alfama and Bairro Alto are up the hills and have kept their 16th century character and are popular.

The international Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation is based in Lisbon.  The art museum that houses his world class collection is one of the foundation’s many charitable, cultural activities that benefit the city.

The photographs were taken with Leica cameras, the M9 and M8.  All images are copyrighted and may not be reproduced without permission.  We can be contacted via e-mail at fogler.mancini@sbcglobal.net.   Our home page is http://www.fogler-mancini-photos.com/Home/Fogler-Mancini_Home.html

February 4, 2013                                                                                                                                                                                                 wgfm

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